Ammonia Safety

What is ammonia?

Ammonia is a widely-used refrigerant in commercial, industrial and refinery sites around the world. Facilities that process food, have cold storage, process drinks and contain petrochemicals are more likely to present ammonia hazards. 
Exposure to 300 parts per million (PPM) is immediately dangerous to life and health. Ammonia is also flammable at concentrations of approximately 15% to 28% by volume in air. When mixed with lubricating oils, its’ flammable range is increased. It can explode if released in an enclosed space with a source of ignition present, or if a vessel containing anhydrous ammonia is exposed to fire. Fortunately, ammonia has a low odor threshold (20 PPM), so most people will seek relief at much lower concentrations due to the odor.

What hazards are associated with ammonia?


1.    Confined spaces where ammonia exposure is 300 parts per million (PPM) or more is dangerous to life and health.

2.    Ammonia becomes flammable at concentrations of approximately 15% to 28% by volume in air.

3.    When mixed with lubricating oils or other similar products, it’s flammable range is increased making it highly flammable.

4.    If released in an enclosed space with a source of ignition present, it can explode.

5.    If a container of ammonia is exposed to fire, it can explode.

What controls may be used to protect yourself from ammonia injuries and illnesses?

1.    Confirm if ammonia is present on sites where you work.

2.    Do not handle ammonia unless you have been trained to do so.

3.    Immediately leave the area is you smell ammonia or any other unrecognizable gas.

4.    If you inhale ammonia, seek fresh air immediately and medical attention if necessary.

5.    If you have skin or eye contact with ammonia, flush the affected area with running water for a minimum of 15 minutes and seek medical attention if necessary.

6.    If you see an ammonia or any other gas cloud, immediately exit the building or area and report to your supervisor immediately.

Popular Downloads

Your People and Profits Are Too Important. Save a Life - Book a Call.

Think about it. Everyday employers are being sued by employees, fined by OSHA, losing workers comp insurance, tarnishing their reputations, and even going to jail over a lack of safety and compliance. We can help you avoid this. It starts with a simple phone call.
© OSHIFY® Corporation | All Rights Reserved.


Real Simple Safety App
Real Simple Consulting
Done For You Services
Employee Safety
Business Risk Mitigation
Operational Risk Mgmt.


Document Library & Builder
Safety Training
Safety Meetings
Safety Orientations
Safety Inspections
Incident Recording


Formerly BROWZ
Formerly PICS
Formerly PEC


OSHA Citations
OSHA Litigation
Expert Witness
XMOD Recovery
Risk/Gap Analysis


Safety Meeting Topics
Safety Program Manual
Site Specific Safety Plan
Safety Activity Schedule

The subject matter contained on, it's sub-domains, articles, and other content is provided to you for informational purposes only and should not be considered professional, legal, or any other form of advice. By using the information published by OSHIFY Corporation, you assume all risk pertaining to the result of using the provided information. While OSHIFY Corporation makes every effort to provide complete and accurate information on safety and health matters, it makes no guarantees or assurances that the information, products, or datum on is 100% compliant with applicable federal and state regulatory laws, standards, or regulations. It is the users' responsibility to ensure that the entities they represent or are employed by meet all applicable federal and state regulatory laws, standards, and regulations. OSHIFY Corporation's products, services, information, and other subject matter is subject to copyright and may require special licensing to use in certain ways other than directly to the buyer. Contact us with any questions regarding lawful use of OSHIFY products.

Safety and Health Articles

Safety Documents and Templates

Safety and Health Videos

Safety and Health Audio

Safety and Health Data

Recent OSHA News

Copyright 2021 | OSHIFY Corporation | All Rights Reserved. This site is not a part of the Facebook website or Facebook Inc. Additionally, This site is NOT endorsed by Facebook in any way. FACEBOOK is a trademark of FACEBOOK, Inc.