Heavy Equipment

What is heavy equipment?


Heavy equipment is any type of material handling equipment used in construction and non-constructions settings such as forklifts, aerial lifts, skid steers, front end loaders, excavators, bull dozers, cranes, etc.

What hazards are associated with heavy equipment?

Hazards associated with heavy equipment vary depending on equipment type. Here are some general examples.

1. Struck or crushed by incidents involving moving equipment and foot traffic
2. Equipment tipping or roll overs
3. Struck or crushed by incidents involving equipment attachments and foot traffic
4. Caught in or crushed by incidents where pinch points meet and contact limbs / extremities
5. Respiratory hazards from disturbed material or debris
6. Eye, face, hand and feet hazards from moving equipment, moving parts, flying debris and sharp or heavy material
7. Noise exposure from close proximity to equipment or prolonged exposure to equipment
8. Overhead hazards such as falling loads
9. Fire or explosion during fueling operations
10. Contact with overhead and underground power lines or other energy sources
11. Contact with underground utilities such as natural gas or propane
12. Contact with other flammable or explosive tanks and lines

What controls may be used to protect yourself from heavy equipment incidents?


1. Always inspect unknown debris and materials which may present a hazard when disturbed
2. Use water to minimize dust when disturbing debris or other material
3. Establish work zones and mark them to prevent pedestrian traffic whenever possible
4. Use personal protective equipment to protect yourself from respiratory, noise and physical hazards
5. Use proper fueling procedures to prevent fire or explosion
6. Ensure proper authorities have been contacted and site has been cleared / marked prior to digging
7. Inspect sites for hazardous energy such as power lines or other energy sources
8. Ensure workers are never underneath a load of material
9. Ensure equipment swing radius does not interfere with foot or vehicular traffic
10. Only use equipment according to manufacturer’s recommendations
11. Ensure all mandatory training and certifications are completed prior to operation
12. Never horseplay in, on or around heavy equipment

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